Issues on sedating mental patients

Such interventions are done to prevent harm to patients and others and to allow evaluation of the cause of the behavior (eg, by taking vital signs and doing blood tests).Once the patient is restrained, close monitoring, sometimes involving constant observation by a trained sitter, is required.Aggressive, violent patients are often psychotic and have diagnoses such as polysubstance abuse, schizophrenia, delusional disorder, or acute mania.Other causes include physical disorders that cause acute delirium (see Selected Mental Symptoms Due to Physical Disorders), a chronic organic brain disorder (eg, dementia) and intoxication with alcohol or other substances, particularly Management typically occurs simultaneously with evaluation, particularly evaluation for a possible physical disorder (see Medical Assessment of the Patient With Mental Symptoms); it is a mistake to assume that the cause of abnormal behavior is a mental disorder or intoxication, even in patients who have a known psychiatric diagnosis or an odor of alcohol.They are used in conjunction with surgery and are prescribed to treat pain, anxiety, panic attacks, insomnia , and in some cases, convulsions.

Sedative, Hypnotic, or Anxiolytic Intoxication causes significant psychological and social impairment (e.g., inappropriate sexual or aggressive behavior, mood lability, impaired judgment, impaired social or occupational functioning).Sedatives are central nervous system (CNS) depressants, a category of drugs that slow normal brain function.There are various kinds of CNS depressants, most of which act on the brain by affecting the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA).Despite their many beneficial effects, barbiturates and benzodiazepines have the potential for abuse and should be used only as prescribed.During the first few days after taking a prescribed CNS depressant, a person usually feels drowsy and uncoordinated, however this will diminish.

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